The purpose of the Christian Bible is to reveal God and Jesus Christ, in doing so the Bible also reveals a lot about life in ancient times. Since the very beginning people used aromatic plants. The first Biblical reference to essential oils or aromatic plants is in the second chapter of Genesis verse 12, the land is describe as having the best gold, aromatic resin and onyx.
According to the research of David Stewart the Bible refers to essential oils or aromatic plants and aromatic products 1035 times. There are at least 33 Bible reference to essential oil producing plants.
The word “oil” is mentioned 191 times in the Bible. While “olive oil” is specifically mentioned only 7 times, there are 147 instances where it can be inferred. Olive oil was not only a food, but was burned in lamps for light and olive oil was used as a base for blending other anointing oils for religious or medicinal purposes. As in Exodus 30:22-31. Olive oil was often used to cleanse wounds.